Volume 6, Issue 11, Nov 2017


Water Management Pathways and Sustainable Water Resources Development in Tamil Nadu, India

Authors: Dr. P.M.Natarajan, Dr. M. Ponnavaiko, Shambhu Kalloikar, Dr. G. Rangaraju, S.Ganesh

Abstract- India is one of the wettest nations. However, few states including Tamil Nadu are reeling under water miseries due to lack of effective water security pathways. However, it is possible to additionally generate or, save 28.32km3/1,000TMC of water and enhance to 74.84km3/2,643TMC from the 46.52km3/1,643TMC in Tamil Nadu by water management. Even then, the per capita per annum water deficit will be 684m3(59.76%) in 2050 comparing the Falkenmark Water Stress Indicator at 1700m3. Therefore, the main option for permanent water security to this state is sharing the unutilised 1,728km3/61,023TMC of water let into the sea in India.

Key words- Water scarcity, Water Management pathways, Action Plan, Sustainable water resources development


  1. Amber Brown Marty D. Matlock, Ph.D., P.E., C.S.E (April 2011) University of Arkansas. A Review of Water Scarcity Indices and Methodologies FOOD, BEVERAGE & AGRICULTURE. The Sustainability Consortium White Paper #106.
  2. Ashvani K. Gosain, (2014). Assessing policy influences on people’s relationship to water ecosystem services: The Indian experience.
  3. Chapagain, A.K, Hoekstra, A.Y and  Savenije H.H.G (2006). Water saving through international trade of agricultural products. Published by Copernicus GmbH on behalf of the European Geosciences Union.
  4. Dhananjoy Dutta and Bishnu Charan Mahato, (2012). Productivity improvement and water saving under the system of rice intensification (SRI): a study in eastern India.
  5. Falkenmark. "The massive water scarcity threatening Africa-why isn't it being addressed." Ambio 18, no. 2 (1989): 112-118.
  6. Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance “H2O minus CO2” CONCEPT PAPER, 1st December 2015.
  7. Hilton, H. Cooper, JR., Francis A. Kohout, Harold R. Henry, and Robert E. Glover, (1964). Sea Water in Coastal Aquifers. United States Government Printing Office, Washington.
  8. Natarajan, P.M, Ph.D and Shambhu Kallolikar, (2004).  Rainwater Harvesting New Approaches for Sustainable Water Resources Development. Sarma Sanatorium Press, Pudukkottai.
  9. Palanisami K, Upali A. Amarasinghe and R. Sakthivadivel, 2008. Policy Interfacing and Irrigation Development in Tamil Nadu.
  11. Renee Cho (April 4, 2011). From Wastewater to Drinking Water, State of the Planet, Earth Institute, Columbia University.
  12. Thatte C.D, Ph.D (2006). Inter-basin water transfer for augmentation of water resources in India - a review of needs, plans, status and prospects.Occasional Paper.
  13. The Deccan Chronicle, (February 11, 2016). Water issues to be key signpost in party manifestos.
  14. The Hindu, (June 23, 2014). State can gain 100 tmcft from RWH: expert. 
  15. Upali Amarasinghe, A, Palanisami, K, Singh, O.P and Sakthivadivel, R. State of Irrigation in Tamil Nadu: Investments and Returns.
WWF Germany, (2009). Interbasin water transfers and water scarcity in a changing world - a solution or a pipedream?


Editorial Board
Paper Submission
Conference Publication
Ethics & Policies
Publication Fee
Contact Us