Volume 4 , Issue 12, December 2015 (Title of Paper )

Page No.

Biogas Generation through Reused Digested Waste

Author: Jitendra Sharma

Abstract- Eco-friendly and renewable energy is a must in today’s scenario. There are various cellulosic biomass available in the rural areas of developing countries. Biomass acts as a good potential source to cater to the energy demand. The annual generation of biogas is about 18240 million cubic meters (m cu m) [1]. The increasing number of poultry farms is another source which can generate biogas of 2173 m cu m annually. In country like India itself there is huge amount of biomass available which is a good renewable source of energy [1]. Biogas comprises of 60-65% methane (CH4), 35-40% carbon dioxide (CO2), 0.5-1% hydrogen sulphide (H2S), and the rest is water vapor etc. To meet this ever -increasing demand fossils fuel such as coal ,oil, natural gas have been exploited in an unsustainable manner. Digestate is the A by-product of methane and heat production in a biogas plant, is digestate which comes from organic wastes [6]. Depending could be a solid or liquid material based on the biogas technology.

[1] M.L.Bamboriya, “Biogas bottling in india” renewable energy Akshay urja, vol. 5(2), pp 41-43,april 2012.

[2] G. P. Kalle, Kalpana K. Nayak and Christina De Sa “An approach to improve methanogenesis through the use of mixed cultures isolated from biogas digester”., Vol. 9, Numbers 3 &.4, December 1985, pp: 137–144.

[3] B. A. Adelekan1, F. I. Oluwatoyinbo and A. I. Bamgboye “Comparative effects of undigested and anaerobically digested poultry manure on the growth and yield of maize” African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 4 (2), pp: 100-107, February, 2010

[4]. B.U. Bagudo, B. Garba , S. M. Dangoggo and L.G. Hassan “The qualitative evaluation of Biogas Samples Generated from Selected Organic Wastes” Archives of Applied Science Research, 2011, vol.3(5), pp: 549-555.

[5]. Yadvik , Santosh ,, T.R. Sreekrishnan , Sangeeta Kohli , Vineet Rana “ Enhancement of biogas production from solid substrates using different techniques”––a review. Centre for Rural Development & Technology, I.I.T., Delhi. pp: 1-10, feb 2004.

[6]. Digestate: A New Nutrient Source – Review Marianna Makádi, Attila Tomócsik and Viktória Orosz Research Institute of Nyiregyhaza, RISF, CAAES, University of Debrecen, Hungary.